Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a part of a patient’s own blood. The plasma has a high concentration of platelets, a particular type of cell present in all individuals, hence its name “Platelet-Rich Plasma”.
Injections of a concentration of a patient’s own platelets has been shown to accelerate the healing of injured tendons, ligaments, muscles and joints as it has a high concentration of growth factors. PRP injections use each individual patient’s own blood cells to help with the recovery of various musculoskeletal problems.
Mr Prakash normally performs the procedure in outpatient setting. PRP injections are prepared by taking patient’s own blood and centrifuging it to concentrate the platelets. The plasma, with high concentration of platelets, is then injected directly into the injured or diseased part of the body. This releases the growth factors that stimulate and increase the number of reparative cells the body normally produces. In total the procedure should last around 10-15 minutes. PRP relieves pain without the risks of surgery, general anaesthesia, or hospital stays and without a prolonged recovery. Mr Prakash recommends that patients should have three PRP injections at weekly intervals as studies have shown that this is more effective than one single injection.
Platelet-rich plasma has been found to significantly enhance the healing process, and its use is becoming increasingly common for conditions like tendonitis and even early arthritis. After the injection, a patient must avoid exercise for a short period of time before beginning a rehabilitation exercise program. Use of anti-inflammatory medication is also recommended to be reduced for about three weeks after the injection.